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Knox, Robert Jackson, Benjamin Poulter, Gavin McNicol, Etienne Fluet-Chouinard, Zhen Zhang, Gustaf Hugelius, Philippe Bousquet, Josep G. The incredibly high decomposition was attributed to the enhanced or restricted microbial activities in the underlying mineral soil.
Furthermore, differences in the land CO2 fluxes from SVR-NEE and GOSAT Level 4A were partially explained by accounting for the differences in the definition of land CO2 fluxes.
This study investigated the factors controlling the CO2 efflux and quantified the annual cumulative CO2 emissions through soil respiration and heterotrophic respiration, which is equivalent to oxidative peat decomposition. In conclusion, C-LART is not applicable to evaluate CO2 emissions through litter decomposition.
Evans, Mary Rose C. Despite the very dry conditions, the annual PD values at these sites were much lower than those reported for tropical peat at plantations e. The litter bag method LB and chamber method with litter addition and removal treatments C-LART have been used to quantify the litter decomposition rate and its resultant CO2 flux.
Temperature sensitivities of rates of RE and GPP were quantified with Q 10defined as the increase of RE or GPP rates with a temperature rise of 10 degrees C. Harrison, Susan Cheyne, Gusti Z.
The differences in the relationship between PD and GWL indicate that separate estimations are required for each type of land. Wofsy, Scott D. This implies that root respiration was negligible in the FT plots. It is essential to quantify the CO2 balance of the ecosystem and understand how the CO2 balance responds to environmental changes to predict the role of PSF in global carbon cycles.
Q 10sG was negatively correlated to the mean annual temperature MATwhereas Q 10sR was independent of MAT. The litter decomposition rate was 0. Annual CO2 emissions through both soil and heterotrophic respiration were smaller than those of other oil palm plantations on tropical peat, possibly due to the higher groundwater levels, land compaction, and continuous measurement of soil CO2 efflux in this study.
Monthly mean FCH4 was always positive during the 18 months, even in the driest month with mean GWL of —30 cm. da Rocha, Scott R. PD exhibited seasonality, being less in the wet season and greater in the dry season. Goldstein, Susan Waldron, Kristell Hergoualc'h, Rene Dommain, Steve Frolking, Christopher D.
Results showed that on the annual time scale, the intrinsic temperature sensitivity of GPP Q 10sG was higher than or equivalent to the intrinsic temperature sensitivity of RE Q 10sR.
Saitoh, Kentaro Takagi, Andrej Varlagin, M. Hollinger, Hiroki Iwata, Minseok Kang, Janina Klatt, Ken W. However, no report has described the applicability of C-LART in comparison with LB. Daily mean CO2 efflux increased exponentially as the groundwater level or water-filled pore space decreased, indicating that oxidative peat decomposition and gas diffusion in the soil increased due to enhanced aeration resulting from lower groundwater levels.
Yule, Helena Varkkey, Massimo Lupascu, Faizal Parish, Ian Singleton, Gopalasamy R. Through the land conversion, peat carbon has become vulnerable and potentially changes to a great carbon dioxide CO2 source to the atmosphere.
All rights reserved. However, a few studies of CH4 flux by the soil chamber technique have reported that annual CH4 pca poker 2019 main event from tropical peat swamp forest were very low as compared to mid- and high-latitude peatlands.
Annual soil respiration in the control plot was gC m -2 yr -1which was approximately twice as high as the mean of temperate evergreen forests in the world. The annual FCH4 was much higher than annual soil CH4 emissions from tropical peatlands, because the FCH4 included aboveground CH4 emissions mainly from tree stems.
At DB, PD and GWL showed significant positive and negative relationships during the dry and wet seasons, respectively. These data-driven estimates can provide a new opportunity to assess CO2 fluxes in Asia and evaluate and constrain terrestrial ecosystem models.
To clarify the effects of changes in land use pca poker 2019 main event carbon dioxide emissions, wemeasured oxidative peat decomposition PD at different stages of disturbance at three sites in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia: an undrained peat swamp forest UFa heavily drained peat swamp forest DFand a drained and burned ex-forest DB.
Lower GWL enhances peat aeration and potentially increases oxidative peat decomposition, which results in higher soil CO2 efflux.
However, the european tour 2019 español FCH4 was relatively low in comparison with those measured by the eddy covariance technique in mid- and high-latitude peatlands.
Moreover, our results suggest that PD マカオスロット 2019 be enhanced by drainage both in forests and at burned sites.
Saleska, Michael L. Desai, Eugenie Euskirchen, Thomas Friborg, Daniele Gasbarra, Ignacio Goded, Mathias Goeckede, Martin Heimann, Manuel Helbig, Takashi Hirano, David Y.
Euskirchen, Minseok Kang, Takashi Hirano, Joanna Joiner, Hideki Kobayashi, Luca Belelli Marchesini, Lutz Merbold, Akira Miyata, Taku M.
Optimum air temperature for tropical forest photosynthesis: mechanisms involved and implications for climate warming Zheng-Hong Tan, Jiye Zeng, Yong-Jiang Zhang, Martijn Slot, Minoru Gamo, Takashi Hirano, Yoshiko Kosugi, Humberto R.
Keenan, DenniS Baldocchi, Margaret S. In conclusion, water management to raise groundwater levels would mitigate soil CO2 emissions from oil palm plantations on tropical peatland. Miller, Antonio O. Nobre, Plinio B. Changes in microbial activity are probably caused by the alteration of material supply from the leaf litter layer to the soil by litter treatment the priming effect.
Smith, Catherine M. Another approach must be used to compensate the priming effect for application of the chamber method.
Mean annual total subsidence was 1. Krauss, Lars Kutzbach, Annalea Lohila, Bhaskar Mitra, Timothy H. The analysis of the current temperature sensitivities and net ecosystem production suggested that temperature rise might enhance the CO2 sink of terrestrial ecosystems both in the boreal and temperate regions.
The C-LART method measures soil CO2 fluxes in control, litter addition, and litter article source plots, and thereby decomposition rates are calculated from differences of the fluxes.
Daily RE was significantly greater in the dry period mainly because of lower groundwater level GWL. It is impossible to continuously measure ecosystem-scale CH4 flux including both soil and plant-mediated CH4 emissions by the chamber technique. Morin, Mats B. Richardson, Benjamin R, K.
Owing to the huge soil carbon stock and high groundwater level Pca poker 2019 main eventtropical peatlands potentially represent a significant source of methane CH4 pca poker 2019 main event the atmosphere. Oechel, Matthias Peichl, Olli Peltola, Michele L. A database of site-years of ecosystem flux data at sites in the world was collected and analyzed.
At UF and DF, PD and GWL showed significant quadratic relationships. Evaluation of spatially estimated NEE with net atmosphere-land CO2 fluxes of Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite GOSAT Level 4A product shows that monthly variations of these data were consistent in Siberia and East Asia; meanwhile, inconsistency was found in South Asia and Southeast Asia.
C Elsevier B. Annual FCH4 from March through February was 7. FCH4 was positively associated with GWL or soil moisture in a quadratic form. Carmelita Alberto, Jonas Ardoe, Eugenie S. In addition, ecosystems in these regions with different plant functional types should sequester more CO2 with climate warming.
Nilsson, Shuli Niu, Asko Noormets, Walter C. In contrast, the decomposition rate of litter carbon ascertained using C-LART was greater than I 1. Anshari, Erik Meijaard, Jenny E. Runkle, Youngryel Ryu, Torsten Sachs, Karina V, R.
Wijedasa, Jyrki Jauhiainen, Mari Kononen, Maija Lampela, Harri Vasander, Marie-Claire Leblanc, Stephanie Evers, Thomas E. Glaser, Nyoman Suryadiputra, Reza Lubis, Truly Santika, Rory Padfield, Sofyan Kurnianto, Panut Hadisiswoyo, Teck Wyn Lim, Susan E.Clements, Sheema Abdul Aziz, Mark E. Manzi, Antonio D. The groundwater level GWL was a major controlling factor of PD at all sites. Data-driven estimation was conducted by using a machine learning algorithm: support vector regression SVR , with remote sensing data for to period. However, filed studies based on the ecosystem-scale monitoring of CO2 flux are quite limited. Thus, we began CO2 flux monitoring over a secondary PSF in Sarawak, Malaysia, by the eddy covariance technique in As a result, the seasonal difference in NEE between the two periods 0.